There are a lot of Japanese traditional buildings in Kyoto,for example Temples(In Japanese "Tera") and Shrine(In Japanese "Jinja"),
Some Temples and Shrines is has been registed as World Heritage.
We are going to introduce representtive building for sightseeing.
Kinkaku-ji (金閣寺, literally "Temple of the Golden Pavilion"), officially named Rokuon-ji (鹿苑寺, literally "Deer Garden Temple"), is a Zen Buddhist temple in Kyoto, Japan. It is one of the most popular buildings in Japan, attracting a large number of visitors annually. It is designated as a National Special Historic Site and a National Special Landscape, and it is one of 17 locations making up the Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto which are World Heritage Sites.
The site of Kinkaku-ji was originally a villa called Kitayama-dai (北山第), belonging to a powerful statesman, Saionji Kintsune. Kinkaku-jis history dates to 1397, when the villa was purchased from the Saionji family by ShogunAshikaga Yoshimitsu, and transformed into the Kinkaku-ji complex.When Yoshimitsu died, the building was converted into a Zen temple by his son, according to his wishes.
During the Onin war (1467–1477), all of the buildings in the complex aside from the pavilion were burned down.
On July 2, 1950, at 2:30 am, the pavilion was burned down by a 22-year-old novice monk, Hayashi Yoken, who then attempted suicide on the Daimon-ji hill behind the building. He survived, and was subsequently taken into custody. The monk was sentenced to seven years in prison, but was released because of mental illnesses (persecution complex and schizophrenia) on September 29, 1955; he died of tuberculosis in March, 1956. During the fire, the original statue of Ashikaga Yoshimitsu was lost to the flames (now restored). A fictionalized version of these events is at the center of Yukio Mishimas 1956 book The Temple of the Golden Pavilion.
The present pavilion structure dates from 1955, when it was rebuilt.
The pavilion is three stories high, approximately 12.5 meters in height.
The reconstruction is said to be a copy close to the original, although some doubt such an extensive gold-leaf coating was used
on the original structure.
In 1984, the coating of Japanese lacquer was found a little decayed, and a new coating as well as
gilding with gold-leaf, much thicker than the original coatings (0.5 µm instead of 0.1 µm),
was completed in 1987. Additionally, the interior of the building, including the paintings and Yoshimitsus statue,
were also restored. Finally, the roof was restored in 2003.
The name Kinkaku is derived from the gold leaf that the pavilion is covered in. Gold was an important addition to the pavilion because of its underlying meaning.
The gold employed was to mitigate and purify any pollution or negative thoughts and feelings towards death.
Other than the symbolic meaning behind the gold leaf, the Muromachi period heavily relied on visual excesses.
With the focus on the Golden Pavilion, how the structure is mainly covered in that material,
creates an impression that stands out because of the sunlight reflecting and the effect the reflection creates on the pond.
Kinkakuji-Temple in winter
The Golden Pavilion (金閣 Kinkaku) is a three-story building on the grounds of the Rokuon-ji temple complex. The top two stories of the pavilion are covered with pure gold leaf. The pavilion functions as a shariden (舎利殿), housing relics of the Buddha (Buddhas Ashes). The building was an important model for Ginkaku-ji (Silver Pavilion Temple), and Shōkoku-ji, which are also located in Kyoto. When these buildings were constructed, Ashikaga Yoshimasa employed the styles used at Kinkaku-ji and even borrowed the names of its second and third floors.
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